Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (CBT)
Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) has been tested a lot since the 1970s; as of today there are over 500 studies showing it is indeed effective for a wide range of psychological disorders and problems.
Albert Ellis and Aaron Beck were two American psychologists who developed this form of psychotherapy in the 1950s and 60s. Very different from the psychoanalytical approach that preceded it, CBT is brief (generally 2 to 12 sessions max), focused on the present and very practically oriented toward solving the client’s current problems.
Treatment is about the understanding that our negative thoughts arouse negative emotions, which in turn cause problem behaviors. CBT teaches the client how to change his unhelpful thoughts into more positive ones, thereby changing how he feels and then how he acts.
Results are astonishingly rapid and complete, as the research shows and the psychological profession attests. It is the most listed therapy on the American Psychological Association list of Empirically Validated Treatments, and it is the most recommended psychotherapy by the National Institute of Clinical Excellence (NICE) in the UK.